How to teach Logic & Reasoning to children?

Swarnali Saha

Swarnali Saha

Founder, Welcome2Maths | 15+ years as a Math Teacher & Life Skills Coach


As a math and logic teacher, I've seen firsthand the tremendous impact that strong logic & reasoning skills can have on a child's development. These skills not only enhance academic performance but also equip children with the tools they need to navigate everyday challenges and make informed decisions.

Teaching logic & reasoning is not about improving grades; it's about fostering a mindset that values critical thinking, problem-solving, and analytical skills. And yes, over time grades will also improve 🙂

In this blog, I will guide you through the importance of logic and reasoning for your child's growth and provide practical, easy-to-implement techniques to help you instill these essential skills.

Learn Math Logically

Why Logic & Reasoning are Important

Logic & reasoning form the foundation of critical thinking, problem-solving, and decision-making. So, let’s understand first why these skills are so crucial for your child's growth:

1. Academic Performance:

As I said earlier, this is an added advantage but a big one at that. You see, children who develop strong logical reasoning skills tend to perform better academically. These skills enable them to understand and solve complex problems, especially in math and science.

2. Problem-Solving Abilities:

Logic and reasoning are at the heart of effective problem-solving. By teaching your child to approach problems logically, you equip them with the ability to break down complex issues into manageable parts and devise solutions systematically.

3. Decision-Making Skills:

Good decision-making requires the ability to weigh options, consider potential outcomes, and choose the best course of action. Logical reasoning allows children to make informed decisions rather than acting impulsively. This skill will benefit them in personal choices, social interactions, and later in their professional lives.

4. Long-Term Advantages:

Strong logic & reasoning skills provide long-term benefits that extend beyond childhood. These skills are essential for success in higher education and are highly valued in many careers, particularly those in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Furthermore, they are crucial for effective communication, negotiation, and leadership roles.

5. Enhanced Creativity:

While it might seem counterintuitive, logical thinking can actually enhance creativity. By understanding logical structures and patterns, children can think outside the box and come up with innovative solutions to problems. This blend of logic and creativity is a powerful tool in any field.

You see, why I took care to explain the benefits of Logic & Reasoning for your child, that is because by appreciating the significance of logic and reasoning, you can better support your child's intellectual and personal development. Now let’s explore some simple and effective techniques to teach these skills to your child.

 Simple Techniques to Teach Logic & Reasoning

As a parent, you have a unique opportunity to foster logic and reasoning skills in your child through everyday interactions and activities. Here are my 5 simple yet effective techniques to help you teach these essential skills:

1. Encourage Curiosity and Questioning Attitude:

Encourage your child to ask questions and explore their curiosity. When they ask "why" questions, take the time to discuss and explore the answers together. This practice not only satisfies their curiosity but also teaches them to seek information and understand the reasoning behind various phenomena. Added benefit: It will improve the bond between you and your child significantly 🙂

2. Incorporate Puzzles and Games:

Puzzles and games are excellent tools for developing logical reasoning. Activities like Sudoku, crossword puzzles, and logic puzzles challenge children to think critically and strategically. Board games such as Chess, Chinese Checkers, Cluedo, Scotland Yard etc. also promote logical thinking and problem-solving skills.

3. Use Pattern Recognition Games:

Pattern recognition is a key component of logical reasoning. Engage your child in activities that involve recognizing and creating patterns, such as sorting objects by size or color, completing sequences, or playing matching games. These activities help children understand relationships and develop their analytical skills.

4. Storytelling and Scenario-Based Questions:

You can also storytelling and scenario-based questions to enhance your child's reasoning skills. Stories from fables, jatakas and panchatantras can give them amazing ideas of critical thinking. You can also give them hypothetical situations and ask how they would respond. For example, ask them "How would you solve a disagreement with a friend?" and then evaluate his answer objectively.

5. Encourage Explanations:

When your child makes a decision or solves a problem, ask them to explain their thought process. Encouraging them to articulate their reasoning helps reinforce their understanding and allows you to guide them if their logic needs refinement.

By integrating these techniques into your daily interactions, you can create a supportive environment that nurtures your child's logical and reasoning skills. Now, let’s explore how to apply these skills in real-life situations, ensuring your child sees the value of logical thinking in everyday life.

Learn Maths Logically

Integrating Logic & Reasoning into Daily Life

Once your child has started developing logic and reasoning skills through games and structured activities, the next step is to integrate these skills into everyday life. This will help them see the practical value of logical thinking and make it a natural part of their decision-making process. These are the top 5 ways in which you can integrate logical reasoning in daily life:-

1. Apply Logic & Reasoning in Real-Life Scenarios:

Encourage your child to use logical reasoning in everyday situations. For instance, when planning a family trip, involve them in the decision-making process. Ask them to consider factors like travel time, cost, and weather conditions to determine the best day for the trip. This exercise teaches them to analyze multiple variables and make well-informed decisions.

2. Family Decision-Making:

Include your child in family discussions and decisions. Whether it’s deciding what to have for dinner or choosing a movie to watch, asking for their input and reasoning helps them practice logical thinking. Discuss the pros and cons of different options and encourage them to explain their preferences.

3. Encourage Problem-Solving at Home:

Present your child with age-appropriate problems to solve around the house. For example, if a toy is broken, ask them to figure out how it might be fixed. You can also discuss & solve problems together, For eg:- if you’re rearranging furniture to increase space, let them help plan the new layout & then sit with them to evaluate all options. These practical problems provide opportunities to apply logic and reasoning skills in a hands-on way.

4. Use Everyday Questions:

Ask your child questions that require thoughtful answers, rather than yes or no responses. For example, "What do you think will happen if we leave the ice cream out of the freezer?" or "Why do you think we use baking soda in cake recipes" etc. These questions encourage your child to think critically and explore cause-and-effect relationships.

5. Encourage Reflection:

After your child has made a decision or solved a problem, ask them to reflect on the process. What worked well? What could have been done differently? This reflection helps reinforce their logical reasoning skills and provides insights for future situations.

These are the ways in which you can integrate logic & reasoning in daily activities.


Teaching logic and reasoning to children is an invaluable investment in their future. As a parent, you have the power to shape your child's cognitive abilities by incorporating logical thinking into their daily lives.

Also, please understand, learning logic & reasoning requires an environment where questioning and critical thinking are encouraged. So, praise your child for asking thoughtful questions and coming up with creative solutions. Celebrate their successes and provide constructive feedback when needed. A supportive environment fosters confidence and a love for learning.

So go ahead and make your child a master of logic & reasoning!

© 2020 welcome2maths. All rights reserved